Transactions on Maritime Science https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms <p>Transactions on Maritime Science (ToMS) is a scientific journal with international peer review. The journal is published in English as an open access journal, and as a classic paper journal (in limited edition). ToMS aims to present best maritime research from South East Europe, particularly the Mediterranean area.</p> en-US ikuzman@pfst.hr (Ivica Kuzmanić) aparcina@pfst.hr (Anri Parčina-Rešić) Sun, 21 Oct 2018 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.1.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Impressum https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/227 Editorial Board ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/227 Sun, 21 Oct 2018 00:00:00 +0000 From Editor-in-Chief https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/231 Ivica Kuzmanić ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/231 Sun, 21 Oct 2018 00:00:00 +0000 The Seaports of the Seine Axis Facing the Contemporary Maritime Industry Mutations https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/222 <p>The maritime industry is constantly evolving and striving for increased innovation. The past years have been exceptionally interesting. Major trends like globalisation and containerisation have reshaped the industry and continue to do it. These changes can be illustrated by the strategic alliances between ship-owners trying today to reshuffle the circulatory and port maps. Thus, in his constant search optimization, maritime transport requires continuous infrastructures’ adaptation. Due to an increasingly competitive environment, major seaports tend also to build up new strategies in order to become more attractive. It represents a system of spatial and temporal interactions and the territorial implications of supply chains and transportation are not negligible. In this respect, the paper proposes to analyse a singular location: the Seine Axis. This axis is concentrating on its territory the French first port complex and the fourth in Europe. This area combines a maritime interface structured around the ports of the River Seine estuary and a metropolitan interface which supplies a market of more than 11 million inhabitants in the Ile-de-France region. The communication aims to qualify the port system of the Valley of the Seine in order to analyze how it adapts to recent, rapid and numerous changes of the contemporary maritime world. The paper will address the attractiveness and efficiency of ports in a globalized economy, a highly competitive European context. The article is based on ports’ statistics utilizations and likewise on in-depth bibliographical research. The paper will also integrate some results from the CIRMAR platform which is using the Automatic Identification System (AIS) for the analysis of maritime traffic.</p> Arnaud Serry ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/222 Sun, 21 Oct 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Estimation of Forces Acting on a Sailboat Using a Kinematic Sensor https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/221 <p>Amateur keel boat racing has becoming more and more popular on coastal regions with an old sailing tradition, such as in Adriatic. Although the traditional experience is transmitted to new generations of skippers and crews that compete on national and international regattas with open class boat, the material limits of the boat are often measured subjectively, by sail or mast failure, and transmitted by a story. Most sailors know why some component failed, but often they don’t know what force was needed for the particular failure.&nbsp;Forces acting on a boat are usually estimated with CFD and towing tank experiment for relevant sailing conditions, but full scale data in seaway are rarely taken. Here we wanted to show a low budget method to get a rough estimate of aerodynamic and hydrodynamic forces acting on a keel sailboat using a kinematic sensor. Some approximations are taken into account to construct a simplified mathematical sailboat model, which allow to relate kinematic data to forces acting on sail, hull, keel and rudder. Some data as the geometry and mass distribution of the boat has to be known, other parameters such as water resistance instead has to be experimentally measured. Results of a series of measurements are presented and discussed. Looking on the limitations of such a method, a proposal for a new sensor is made.</p> Alan Mahne Kalin, Dejan Žagar, Peter Vidmar ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/221 Sun, 21 Oct 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Framing Stakeholder Involvement in Sustainable Port Planning https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/219 <p class="ICTSkeywords"><span style="font-weight: normal;">This paper presents a framework to encompass stakeholder involvement in port planning processes, by specifically focusing on long-term strategic plans aimed at sustainability and designed to satisfy the needs of a port community and its surroundings. A classification of the main port stakeholders is presented, together with some traditional and non-conventional tools and methods that can be used to support the participation process, according to the degree of participation and the steps of the plan. This analysis takes its clue from the results of the EU PORTA project, aimed at setting a new system of guidelines to integrate regional planning and port management. Port authorities and local policy-makers can use the output of this analysis to understand how to deal with the complexity of multi actor decisions in port planning. By duly taking into consideration stakeholders’ needs and concerns it will be easier to find the most shared solutions pursuing port sustainability.</span></p> Matteo Ignaccolo, Giuseppe Inturri, Michela Le Pira ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/219 Sun, 21 Oct 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Assesing Home Port Potencial of Selected Adriatic Ports https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/218 <p>The cruise industry has been constantly growing since the 1970s and is considered the fastest growing travel vacation segment ever. Currently, Mediterranean is the second most visited region, just behind the Caribbean. One of the Mediterranean cruise markets is the Adriatic Sea, which is becoming an increasingly interesting destination, with Venice and Dubrovnik being the most popular spots. While a port of call destination mainly needs to offer certain attractions to be added to the cruise line itineraries, homeports must provide much more in particular in regards to infrastructure and passengers’ services offered. Currently, the port of Venice and Bari act as main home ports in the Adriatic, while the port of Trieste is growing in importance although at the moment it does not represent a considerable share in terms of number of exchanged cruise passengers. In this paper, the author will determine the advantages that these ports offer in terms of home port adequacy and examine the homeport potential of two Adriatic ports, namely the port of Koper and the port of Split. For this purpose, the list of influential factors will be created based on existing studies but shaped to meet the specific micro conditions and requirements. These factors will be examined.</p> Marina Zanne, Bojan Beškovnik ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/218 Sun, 21 Oct 2018 00:00:00 +0000 The Manchester Coded Data Based OFDM (MCOFDM) https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/220 <p>This paper shows a new DWT based OFDM algorithm which significantly simplifies signal processing in the transmitter and receiver. Unlike conventional DWT based OFDM a new algorithm does not use digital modulation of subcarriers either IDWT in the transmitter. The output signal from the transmitter is formed by summing the signals on the individual subchannels, encoded with the Manchester code and sampled at appropriate frequencies. In the receiver, the channel signal and data is reconstructed using DWT and Haar wavelet. Although the signal transmission is achieved using amplitude modulation, the paper shows that BER performance is commensurable to BPSK or DMWT based OFDM in the presence of AWGN.</p> Igor Mazić, Mirjana Bonković, Anamaria Bjelopera ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/220 Mon, 22 Oct 2018 06:25:25 +0000 EDD – Economic Benefit Analysis of Extending Dry Docking Interval https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/225 <p>The possibility of interval extension between two dry docking is alternatively offered to the shipowners by classification societies. Although, for now, such a possibility is limited only to certain types of ships, a significant shift has been accomplished in accordance with today's technical and technological capacities. It is quite clear that not all shipowners will accept this option, as either five-year or even mid-interval might suit them well. The option introduces an economic benefit, but requires additional preparation to withstand the full interval without negative consequences, primarily related to the protection of underwater part of the hull. The relationship of economic benefits and the cost of investment to successfully pass the complete period gives a clear view to the shipowner for the decision of accepting an extended dry docking period between two consecutive dry dockings. This paper is presenting one of the approaches to calculate feasibility of prolonging dry docking interval. Calculation example represents an economic indicator, crucial for shipowner’s decision to accept prolonged dry docking interval. The paper presents an analysis of underwater hull condition for the vessel with a composite coating. It is based on a collection of actual data registered in the period of seven years. Significant data have been derived from the analysis, allowing basic set up for theoretical assessment as well as the real justification of extended dry docking period between two consecutive dry dockings of the vessel. Some of the presented facts, related to underwater composite coating, might be used for similar calculations.</p> Dragan Bebić, Ladislav Stazić, Antonija Mišura, Ivan Komar ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/225 Mon, 22 Oct 2018 06:37:44 +0000 Valuation of Transport Service Characteristics Relevant for the Establishment of Fast Inter-City Lines in Sea-Borne Passenger Traffic https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/216 <p>This paper analyses and evaluates major characteristics of transport services relevant for the organization of fast inter-city lines in maritime passenger transport. Service characteristics that have been subjected to research and assessment include: 1) individual travel costs, 2) travel duration, 3) travel safety, 4) social costs of transport, 5) ability to create a traffic service and 6) other elements of the traffic service. Using descriptive statistics and growth matrix, the analysis reveals that the Ability to create a traffic service and Travel duration, both having direct growth rates of 75 %, will have the largest impact on the establishment of fast inter-city sea-borne lines, followed by the Social costs of transport with the direct growth rate of 68.42 %. The impact of other transport service characteristics on the organization of fast inter-city lines in maritime passenger transport is estimated as moderate.</p> Maja Krčum, Veljko Plazibat, Senka Šekularac Ivošević ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/216 Mon, 22 Oct 2018 06:47:10 +0000 Safety Issues, Security and Risk Management in Nautical Tourism https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/217 <p>The relatively new nautical market gave rise to a special kind of tourism. Nautical tourism as a system has the characteristics of a traffic system with all its peculiarities. Nautical tourism is steadily increasing. In countries nurturing this type of economic activity, nautical tourism has the characteristics of mass tourism. Nautical tourism is a complex system consisting of and using various forms of technical and technological processes. As such it is exposed to various risks. Therefore, this paper proposes a systematic approach to the development of safety measures in nautical tourism.</p> Josip Kasum, Jelena Žanić Mikuličić, Vinka Kolić ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/217 Mon, 22 Oct 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Regulation for Providing Medical First Aid/Medical Care on Board Ferry Vessels in Croatia: Update Proposal https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/224 <p>The Republic of Croatia is a leader in maritime passenger transport in the Adriatic with indications of the further growth. The paper analyses current regulations for providing medical care on board vessels in Croatia for the category C2 of navigation, referring to vessels in the national coastal navigation. The prescribed quantities of medicinal products and equipment on ferry vessels were compared with the data of most common diseases and injuries of passengers on board, retrieved from the relevant literature. The comparison was conducted based on two indicators: the frequency and urgency of diseases and injuries. The analysis indicated the insufficient quantity of medicines and equipment, especially in the cases of life-threatening medical conditions. The regulations should follow the growing maritime passenger transport, where the large inflow of passengers is expected regularly in the summer period. All the personnel on board appointed for the provision of medical care are required to provide immediate treatment, increase the level of preparedness, and improve the prevention of possible health risks onboard vessels. The authors want to emphasize the importance of passenger safety on board as well as the preservation of strategic resource for the Croatian economy.</p> Luka Vukić, Rosanda Mulić, Ivan Peronja, Merica Slišković ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/224 Mon, 22 Oct 2018 07:10:58 +0000 Concepts of Recognition of Seagoing Service and Certificates to Crew Members of Warships in Accordance with STCW Convention https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/223 <p>The paper analyzes the concepts of application of the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, with amendments 2010 (STCW Convention), in the segment of recognition of seagoing service and certification for crew members of warships. Although the STCW Convention does not apply directly to warships, the Parties have the right to continue to recognize seagoing service and certificates of the crew members of their warships. There are different concepts of solutions related to this issue. The paper particularly analyzes legal framework under the STCW Convention. Concepts are compared in several NATO member states through a review and analysis of legal solutions and available training programs from these countries. Similarities and differences of the analyzed concepts are identified. Also, a general model of application in the national frameworks is developed. The authors conclude that it is possible to talk about the principle according to which seagoing service and certificates of the crew members of warships acquired during training and service on warships has been recognized with the fulfilment of the appropriate conditions prescribed by the Parties.&nbsp;</p> Ivo Raffanelli, Jakša Mišković, Ivica Pavić ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/223 Mon, 22 Oct 2018 07:26:35 +0000 Issues Affecting Selection and Evaluation of ESP Teaching Materials https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/215 <p>The paper will point out a range of obstacles and challenges English lecturers encounter when teaching English for Specific purposes (ESP) and when deciding which course book and teaching materials would best suit their students in tertiary education. Other issues relating to ESP will also be considered such as what exactly ESP means, main characteristics of ESP courses, their teachers and students. This paper will also include analysis of actions that need to be taken in the evaluation of ESP materials as suggested by various authors on the subject. There will be an example of the specific requirements of teaching materials in Maritime English and their evaluation. The aim is to give an overview of theoretical perspectives and methodologies for the evaluation of teaching materials and to encourage ESP teachers to design evaluation techniques for their type of ESP course.</p> Magda Pašalić, Bisera Plančić ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/215 Mon, 22 Oct 2018 07:47:50 +0000 News https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/232 <p>„Latinsko Idro“ ('Latin Sail') Month on the Island of Murter</p> <p>Dual-Frequency GNSS Smartphone Hits the Market</p> Editorial Board ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/232 Sun, 21 Oct 2018 00:00:00 +0000 KAD FALKUŠA PRIKO SNA ZAJIDRI https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/233 Jakša Fiamengo; Mirna Čudić Žgela ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/233 Sun, 21 Oct 2018 00:00:00 +0000 About ToMS: Ethics, Conflict of Interest, License and Guidelines for Authors https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/234 Editorial Board ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/234 Sun, 21 Oct 2018 00:00:00 +0000