Transactions on Maritime Science https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms <p>Transactions on Maritime Science (ToMS) is a scientific journal with international peer review. The journal is published in English as an open access journal, and as a classic paper journal (in limited edition). ToMS aims to present best maritime research from South East Europe, particularly the Mediterranean area.</p> University of Split, Faculty of Maritime Studies en-US Transactions on Maritime Science 1848-3305 Impressum https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/198 Editorial Board ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-04-20 2018-04-20 7 1 From Editor-in-Chief https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/199 Ivica Kuzmanić ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-04-20 2018-04-20 7 1 4 4 Shipowner’s Impact on Planned Maintenance System Database Quality Grades Resemblance Equalization https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/200 <p>This paper analyzes the shipowner’s role in the development process of ship’s computerized planned maintenance system database, paying specific attention to his/her impact on database quality grades resemblance equalization. The paper describes the database development process from the realization that the database is needed to the installation on board vessel, and all shipowner’s and developer’s actions in the process. The computerized databases of five shipping companies were tested using questionnaire developed for this purpose. The evaluation results are shown in several tables to facilitate overview and comparison of data. The paper provides the data of office user’s workload with regard to the administration and correction of data besides database quality grades: that data serves to portrait the relation between data quality in the databases and importance given to the process of development and maintenance of the databases. The analysis of the results yields numerical values as indicators of shipowner's input on the resemblance of grades of both scenarios and on the database quality grades resemblance equalization. The conclusion shows how the shipowner affects the ship's computerized planned maintenance system database and what actions should be performed to obtain the final product (database, i.e. data in the database) as good as possible and, thus, maintenance of the ship and the whole system. The expected results of the paper are:<br>- To analyze in detail the database ordering and development process,<br>- To pinpoint controlling areas for the database quality,<br>- To analyze the shipowner’s impact on the database quality grades resemblance equalization.</p> Ladislav Stazić Ivan Komar Luka Mihanović Antonija Mišura ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-04-20 2018-04-20 7 1 5 22 10.7225/toms.v07.n01.001 Optimal Design of Ship’s Hybrid Power System for Efficient Energy https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/201 <p>The International Maritime Organization regulations on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) from ships require efficient dealing with this complex techno-economic and highly political problem through joint efforts of all major stakeholders from the shipbuilding industry and ship operations. The key problems of any research in the field of renewable energy, including power generation, storage, transformation and distribution, and the issues associated with limited power generation for specific loads, are the same issues that are experienced in the implementation of electric distribution technologies onboard ships. This paper analyses the effects of efficient shipping using the solar panel system and batteries to ensure continuous power supply, regardless of the weather conditions. The logistics chain of this control architecture is modelled by Colored Petri Nets. The economic analysis examines the annual costs of fuel consumption, the initial capital cost, total net cost and CO2 emissions.</p> Maja Krčum Anita Gudelj Vinko Tomas ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-04-20 2018-04-20 7 1 23 32 10.7225/toms.v07.n01.002 Maritime Lighthouses in the Republic of Croatia – Safety of Navigation and/or Tourist Attraction https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/202 <p>The lighthouses are the most important navigation aids enabling safe navigation. Today, in the Republic of Croatia there are 46 maritime lighthouses in function. All the lighthouses are automated and controlled through the remote control system. In the Republic of Croatia, Plovput company is responsible for their maintenance. In recent years maritime lighthouses have increasingly been used for tourism. Still, their primary role has not been forgotten. The proof of this is the incorporation of the Automatic Identification System (AIS) in the lighthouses, raising the safety of navigation to a higher level. Interesting has been the market research in recent years, since there has been an increasing demand for lighthouses as tourist facilities. This is of great importance, as it provides additional financial resources for their maintenance. Unfortunately, the statistical data on renting and the availability of accommodation capacities indicates that there is space for improvement.</p> Tatjana Stanivuk Ivan Juričević Jelena Žanić Mikuličić ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-04-20 2018-04-20 7 1 33 40 10.7225/toms.v07.n01.003 Issues in Dry Port Location and Implementation in Metropolitan Areas: The Case of Sydney, Australia https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/203 <p>The basic idea behind the concept of a dry port is a more efficient seaport access, movement of the seaport’s interface inland with the shift of flows from road to rail. The application of the concept results in a reduction of road transport to/from the seaport together with the associated broad social and environmental benefits. This paper examines the complex factors influencing the timeframes and location of close inland intermodal terminals with dry port characteristics - metropolitan intermodal terminals, as they are usually referred to - and their implementation, with a case study of the Sydney metropolitan region and Port Botany, Australia. The issues surrounding suburban freight terminals are a sub-set of the wider social and environmental problems of the interactions of seaports with their hinterland. Port Botany and its close inland intermodal terminals are very distinctive: there are very few ports in the world with such a well-developed network of close inland intermodal terminals. Nevertheless, the Moorebank terminal was first mooted in 2003 but the latest plans anticipate operations commencing in 2018. The paper illustrates some problematic aspects of long timeframes for the development of significant freight infrastructure.</p> John Black Violeta Roso Eli Marušić Nikolina Brnjac ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-04-20 2018-04-20 7 1 41 50 10.7225/toms.v07.n01.004 Impact of Technology on Safety as Viewed by Ship Operators https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/204 <p>Modern technology is being increasingly used on-board ships. It is a common opinion that its application has reduced seafarers’ workload and improved safety of ships. However, human error induced by technology contributes significantly to risk in shipping. This paper analyses human and machine interaction and demonstrates which elements violate these connections. It is for this purpose that the survey has been conducted via an anonymous questionnaire among professional seafarers. The results indicate that non-standardisation of equipment, i.e. the differences in the settings and display interfaces between different manufacturers and poor design prolong time needed for familiarisation, and in combination with short period of handover can contribute to the occurrence of human error. Greater involvement of the ship operators in theprocurement process of navigation equipment is essential, since it may lead to the selection of equipment that suits the end users.</p> Darijo Mišković Toni Bielić Jelena Čulin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-04-20 2018-04-20 7 1 51 58 10.7225/toms.v07.n01.005 Port Pricing in the North Port of Split: A Comparative Analysis https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/205 <p>Pricing in ports is an important element of port competitiveness when it comes to the establishment of logistics and transportation systems, determining cargo flows, and developing optimum and quality service. This paper aims to examine the need to modify the port tariff in the North Port of Split through comparison of thetariff system in the main Croatian cargo ports for specific vessel categories and types of cargo. The results were also compared with the port tariffs in the ports of Koper and Trieste to identify shortcomings and suggest potential modifications of individual service prices. The analysis revealed a discrepancy in the segment of port charges, towage and light dues (which account for almost 75 % of the total price), with the latter indicated as a crucial problem in all Croatian ports. Tariff adjustment would eventually improve port competitiveness, with the possibility of expansion to new markets, extension of the gravitational area, and acquisition of additional cargo for the North Port. The inclusion of "environmental charge", with envisaged discounts or additional charges for environmental protection and sustainable development, is essential for the port’s strategic orientation and market positioning.</p> Luka Vukić Ivan Peronja Merica Slišković ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-04-20 2018-04-20 7 1 59 70 10.7225/toms.v07.n01.006 Some Issues Referring to the Management of Beaches at the Local Level - Case Study of Croatia https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/206 <p>The authors based the research on the main topic that a beach is more than a strip of land dedicated to tourists for their leisure activities. In order to achieve this, beaches have to be developed in regard to the surrounding landscape and the needs of the local community. The main focus of the research is on local and guest's perspective of beaches, thus results highlight important issues in this relationship which may enable improvements in beach managing. The purpose of this paper is to analyse the interdependence between sustainable beach managing and local/tourist needs and satisfaction. The goal of this paper is to propose a model of sustainable beach managing that has a direct impact on development processes of the beach. Research methodology includes an overview of recent projects and references and as a result it helps to understand whyit is important that beaches should have sustainable managing. One of the important project goals is to differentiate different beaches and their main attractions as well as their adaptation to a particular target group and the emergence of new forms of specific thematic beaches.</p> Mirjana Kovačić Astrid Zekić ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-04-20 2018-04-20 7 1 71 75 10.7225/toms.v07.n01.007 The Necessity of Adoption of New National Regulations to Prevent the Pollution of Croatian Coastal Sea by Sewage from Various Vessels https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/207 <p>This paper addresses international, Croatian and EU legislation on the prevention of sea water pollution by sewage from vessels. The paper also highlights the disadvantages of international legislation on the protection of coastal sea against pollution by vessel sewage. International legislation is enacted at the global level rather than for each individual coastal sea due to each sea having different exposure to pollution. Either the insufficiently comprehensive national legislation needs to be amended or, more suitably and effectively in the case of the Republic of Croatia, new rules regulating the prevention of coastal sea pollution at the national level and the prevention of negative influence on the marine eco-system, human health and economy established.</p> Žarko Koboević Branka Milošević-Pujo ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-04-20 2018-04-20 7 1 76 83 10.7225/toms.v07.n01.008 Investigation into Multicultural Readiness of Maritime Students: A Maritime English Lecturer’s View https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/208 <p>Maritime affairs imply multinational/-cultural/-lingual work environments, and maritime students’ relative attitude should be investigated and the awareness raised. A research was undertaken with the 1st-year students of the Faculty of Maritime Studies (FMS) in Split, aiming at getting to know their cultural profile and their views of otherness. This is an essential starting point for the education of tolerant and knowledgeable seafarers, able to foresee possible problems arising in intercultural contacts, e.g. of a ship´s crew, and to deal with them if they should arise. Even before the introduction of multicultural elements into the university education of seafarers, some shipping companies had recognized the problem in an early stage and started undertaking individual initiatives to build respect and tolerance among crewmembers on board their ships originating from different national and cultural backgrounds. Since new nationalities are constantly entering the shipping industry scene, maritime students should be taught to: firstly, recognize the otherness and respect the different shapes it takes, and secondly, recognize the importance of the English language, not only as the occupational language in shipping and means of their professional communication, but also as their social life mediator in their working and living environment. A possible approach to this topic is proposed by an instructor of English for specific purposes in the maritime domain. It is through language that various attitudes presented by different nationalities in a variety of settings can best be illustrated.</p> Adelija Čulić-Viskota ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-04-20 2018-04-20 7 1 84 94 10.7225/toms.v07.n01.009 Information Model for Global Shipbuilding in the Period of 2016 – 2020 https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/209 <p>This study explores the worldwide demand for the newly built ships from 2014 to 2017 and produces forecasts for the demands concerning the years 2018 and 2020, on the basis of mental and verbal insights into the global shipping market, theoretical aspects of the issue, and the selected variables (South Korea, China, Japan, Europe and the Rest of the World) of the information model for the global shipbuilding. The value of the variables for the year 2016 has been achieved by taking into account the synergistic effect of the percentage obtained per order books across the world, gross tonnage in 0,000 GT and the value of vessels in billion US$ for each selected variable. In the next stage these values have been quantified based on the mental and verbal insights into the scientific aspects of the global shipping market variables of the information model for the global shipbuilding in the years of 2018 and 2020. In this way, for the first time, the growth matrix has produced the values of the selected variables, i.e. the direct growth rates of the information model for the global shipbuilding for the period 2018-2020. The research has involved a combination of scientific methods, among which the most relevant are analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction, descriptive, comparative, statistical and mathematical methods, method of model drawing (growth matrix), and methods of proving and refuting.</p> Vinko Vidučić ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-04-20 2018-04-20 7 1 95 101 10.7225/toms.v07.n01.010 An Overview of the English-Croatian Maritime Dictionary https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/210 Editorial Board ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-04-20 2018-04-20 7 1 104 105 MLADOST MORU OSTAVILI https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/211 Elio Žuvela Mirna Čudić ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-04-20 2018-04-20 7 1 106 106 About ToMS: Ethics, Conflict of Interest, License and Guidelines for Authors https://toms.com.hr/index.php/toms/article/view/212 Editorial Board ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-04-20 2018-04-20 7 1 107 113